Restore Verification for Image-Based Backups
Restore verification is a special feature that implements a validity check of an image-based backup for a further correct restore.
This chapter covers the following topics:
- How It Works
- System Requirements
- Run Restore Verification
- Enable Restore Verification
- Restore Verification in Notification Emails
- Restore Verification in Long-term storage.
How It Works
Restore verification is an auxiliary restore plan that retrieves only necessary backup parts from backup storage, mounts a Hyper-V virtual machine on the fly, then performs a system logon.
Since there is no need to download the whole backup dataset to make sure the image-based backup is valid and can be guaranteed for restore, the restore verification is performed quickly and clearly.
For example, when backing up a system disk of 160 GB size and with 120 GB of occupied disk space, restore verification downloads only 8 GB from backup storage and takes a few seconds from the start to a system logon
Since the restore verification feature is based on Hyper-V mechanisms, a Hyper-V environment is required on your operating system.
The table below contains the list of supported Windows versions and editions.
|Windows Version||Supported Editions|
|Windows 8||Enterprise, Pro|
|Windows 8.1||Enterprise, Pro|
|Windows 10||Enterprise, Pro, Education|
|Windows Server 2008||Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter|
|Windows Server 2012*||Enterprise, Datacenter|
|Windows Server 2012 R2||Essentials, Enterprise, Datacenter|
|Windows Server 2016||Standard, Essentials, Datacenter|
|Windows Server 2019||Standard, Essentials, Datacenter|
* Windows Server 2012 does not support UEFI virtual machines. Only MBR virtual machines are supported. In some situations, it may lead to a Restore verification failure
Also, note that the cbfs.sys driver must be installed in your OS. The process is known as Callback File System Driver
In case the driver is absent, install it using the following command: [console name].exe /installdiskdriver, where console name is a Backup Agent executable file name
Run Restore Verification
To run a restore verification for image-based backup, perform the following steps:
- Switch to the Backup Storage tab.
- Find a required image-based backup plan generation.
- Expand the generation to select a required restore point.
- Right-click on the required Restore Point, then select Restore Verification
This creates and runs a test restore plan that starts a Hyper-V VM using a necessary part of the backed up data downloaded from backup storage. To check that the test virtual machine is running, see its state in the preview:
- Optionally, to log on to VM, click the Open Hyper-V VMC link.
Enable Restore Verification in Backup Plans
You can apply the Restore Verification on a regular basis by including it in a backup plan (applies to the new backup format only).
To Enable Restore Verification
- Open the Management Console.
- In the RMM menu. select Remote Management.
- Find the required computer.
- Click the gear icon, then click Show Plans.
- Find the required image-based backup plan, then click Edit. You can create a new one as well.
- Follow the Backup Wizard steps to the Consistency Check and Restore Verification step.
- Select the required option to run Restore Verification:
- Do not Run Restore Verification. Select this option to run restore verification manually
- Run for Full only. Select this option to run restore verification for full backups only. You can manage a schedule for full and incremental backups on the Schedule step of the Backup Wizard
- Run for Incremental only. Select this option to run restore verification for incremental backups only. You can manage a schedule for full and incremental backups on the Schedule step of the Backup Wizard
- Run for Full and Incremental. Select this option to run restore verification for both backup types
- Specify the settings for auxiliary Hyper-V VM created for Restore Verification.
- In the Screenshot Interval, specify the frequency of making a screenshot of a Hyper-V VM to check its state by sight
- In the Number of virtual processors, specify the number of virtual CPUs for Hyper-V VM
- In the Startup RAM, specify the part RAM allocated for restore verification VM
- In Report Failure if it is not detected in: field, specify the period after which Restore Verification will be terminated with an error
- Follow other Backup Wizard steps to save the configuration of this backup plan.
In some cases, if a volume with a temporary folder is full, a restore verification can terminate with the following error: Cannot complete Restore Verification. Not enough space in the temporary folder: c:\temp
Once this error occurs, clean up the temporary folder, or change its location to the other volume with more free space. To do this, proceed as follows:
- Connect to the remote computer that produced this error.
- Run Backup Agent.
- In the Tools menu, select Options.
- Switch to the Memory Options tab.
- In the Temporary folder field, specify the new temporary folder location.
- Click OK or Apply.
To learn more about Hyper-V, refer to the Virtualization article at docs.microsoft.com.
Restore Verification in Notifications
The Restore Verification result is delivered in the notification email messages. To learn how to configure notifications, refer to the Notifications chapter.
Restore Verification in Long-Term Storage
In case your storage destination is a long-term one (this can be S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval, S3 Deep Archive, or Azure Archive storage classes), Restore Verification is disabled.
Since Restore Verification requires downloading parts of data from a cloud, in a case with long-term storage it will take up significant time, up to several hours. Additionally, retrieval costs are subject to extra charges on backup data downloads from the cloud.